Judo is a Japanese martial art developed by Dr. Jigoro Kano in 1882. It was derived from Jujutsu, and aimed to teach how to subdue without injuring the opponent. Judo was introduced into the Olympic Games in 1964 and is practiced by millions of people throughout the world today.
Judo translates to “the gentle way,” and is known as such because many Judo techniques rely on giving way to the force of the opponent and using it against them. Judo uses throws, grappling pins, chokes, and arm locks to overcome opponents. There are no kicks, strikes, or blows.
The main principles of Judo are “Sei Ryoku Zen Yo”- (maximum efficiency, minimum effort), and “Ji Ta Kyo Ei”- (mutual welfare and benefit). Maximum efficiency teaches one to use the least amount of physical strength necessary to overcome an opponent. This is accomplished by proper use of technique and timing. Mutual welfare and benefit is an extension of Dr. Kano's belief that the personal discipline that Judo taught could help one become a better member of society.